Blood Sepsis, also known as Blood Poisoning, is an infection of the blood stream. Sepsis is caused when toxin releasing bacteria, such as Staphylococcus, enter the blood. Blood Sepsis is a particularly devastating disease due to the domino-effect of organ shutdown which causes multiple organ failure. Blood Sepsis causes a whole body inflammatory state called Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS).
Blood Sepsis first results in the shutdown of kidneys; thus patients require standard dialysis immediately to prevent death. As the disease progresses, vital signs collapse—the foremost of these being blood pressure. Subsequently, symptoms of Sepsis include elevated temperature, elevated heart rate, respiratory collapse, further organ failures, altered mental status and cardiac failure.
Septicemia is a major cause of death in the United States and puts people in the intensive care unit at a very high rate. Only about 1-2% of all hospitalizations in the United States are attributed to Septicemia, though Septicemia accounts for as much as 25% of bed-utilization in intensive-care units.
The traditional therapy of Blood Sepsis relies on intravenous treatment using multiple antibiotics. However, in intensive care units, even with today’s treatment, approximately 35% of patients with severe sepsis and 60% of patients with septic shock die within 30 days.
Septicemia is of particular concern because of the exceedingly high cost of treatment for Septicemia patients. A typical stay in the intensive care unit costs $10,000 per day with testing. Consequently, the treatment of Blood Sepsis is one of the most costly expenditures for hospitals in America.
We hope to conquer Blood Sepsis and Viremia by using our proprietary Sequential-Dialysis Technique method. If proven successful, this technique would dialyze the toxin producing bacteria out of the blood by using antibodies; thus saving countless lives while also providing significant cost savings to hospitals around the country. The method will utilize designer antibodies to physically remove the toxin producing bacteria out of the blood. The designer antibodies will attach to the toxin producing bacteria, and then the antibody-antigen compound will be efficaciously dialyzed out of the blood extracorporeally. We hope to demonstrate this methodology in future lab and animal experiments.